foliage; leaves. e.g. i wanna see foliage turn.
poised to do; ready to do. e.g. he was poised to take over the CEO position until the scandal happened.
demure; modest, shy, humble, reserved
tout; attempt to sell something aggressively, in a soliciting pestering way
alimony; court ordered payment to ex spouse after separation, like child support
flaunt it; show off, e.g. if you got it flaunt it
levy; impose, incur, collect, exact. e.g. gov levied additional tax
remuneration; salary, payment, money paid for a service
dairy free; milk free, for lactose intolerant people
insurrection; a violent uprising against authority
pounce; sudden jump, dash, to catch prey. e.g. a cat pounced to catch a mouse
prance; likely step, e.g. a horse pranced on a field
staggering; shocking, amazing. e.g. a man of staggering intellect
woke; attentive and aware of social issues. e.g. john oliver is a woke show.
gentrification; urbanization process of renovating a deteriorated neighborhood in a city by rebuiding buildings, infrastructure, bringing in more afluent residents, etc. a very controversial political topic.
osteoporosis; bone weakens with aging
fettle; condition. e.g. how are you. fine fettle. the aircraft remains in fine fettle.
triage; a triage situation. e.g. when you allocate limited medical staff and resource to maximize the suvivors. often used in situations when you cannot save everybody.
quasi something; seemingly apparently something, quasi boyfriend
divide in half; cut in half, divide by two. it is incorrect to say divide by half, because that means you multiply by two.
raunchy; vulgar, dirty, earthy, often in a sexually explicit way. e.g. a raunchy movie
chancy; risky, unreliable, uncertain, unpredictable, precarious. e.g. sanitary condition of their restaurant bathroom is chancy.
nonchalant; relaxed, composed, chill
auspicious; in your favor
sublime; splendid, superb, inspirational
none the wiser; know no more than before. not aware. e.g. we borrowed his car and returned it before he came back, so he is none the wiser.
lactose intolerant; milk allergy, cannot digest sugar in milk, get stomach sick.
have or set someone back on his her heels; surprise or concern someone. e.g. he had me back on my heels.
by the skin of one's teeth; narrowly barely, e.g. i escaped by the skin of my teeth.
astray; away from the correct path or direction, morally or literally. e.g. did i ever lead you astray ?
rubber band: wagomu, elastic string, band
rue; bitterly regret
nipping at the heel of someone; annoying someone
debilitating; weakening, exhausting, opposite of energizing. e.g. debilitating anxiety, debilitating headache
a rif; a layoff, rif is an acronym for reduction in forces
hubris; excessive self confidence and pride
asinine; stupid, foolish
insulate someone from something; protect someone from the effect of something
intractable; uncontrollable, unmanageable, difficult
a contrarian; someone who bets against the market trend. e.g. it is a contrarian short
quid pro quo; exchange, tradeoff, e.g. the money was a quid pro quo for releasing hostanges
wreak havoc; caused a mess. wreak means cause,inflict, and pronounced reek, havoc means destruction. not to be confused with wreck, which means destruct,sink, and pronounced reck
stem the tide; to stop the flow of something. e.g. this medicine may stem the tide of epidemic crisis in the region
eschew; deliberately avoid
embargo; an official ban on trade with a particular country. e.g. we shouldve expected the attach after the oil embargo.
contrivance; noun of contrive, a trap, a device
myopic; nearsighted, narrow minded. e.g. goverment is myopic toward health care issue
encumber; restrict, limit
bleak; cold, bitter, raw, cold, charmless
disembowel; cut open and remove the internal organs of, decimate.
hyperthermia; overheated body temperature condition
eviscerate; demean, bash, slash, attack
a pandemonium; a predicamenta chaos, a turmoil, a commotion, a rumpus
a fluke; a lucky coincidence. e.g. his investment success was a fluke.
patronage; sponsorship, backing, funding, assitance, support, faoritism, nepotism
mutiny; revolt, rebellion, disobedience
snafu; muddle, mess, chaos
promulgate; spread, propagate, promote, publicize, disseminate
discourse; discussion, conversation, dialogue, debate
recourse; a source of help in a difficult situation, e.g. surgery may be the only recourse
number two; a euphemism for toilet business
tarp; big blue sheet
impunity; immunity, indemnity, exemption, freedom from liability
impugn; deny, challenge, doubt, question, censure. e.g. impugn his motives
chastity; abstinence, self restraint
perjure; lie under oath
emblematic; symbolic, representative, indicative
brandish; wave, wield, shake maybe a weapon as a gesture of threat
conciliatory; placatory, appeasing, peacemaking, mollifying, pacifying, e.g. a conciliatory gesture
a moat; water surrounding a castle for defense purpose
parsimonious; cheap, penny-pinching, not willing to pay money, stingy, frugal
decree; order, mandate
seep; leak, dlow, drip
semblance; any apparent display,form,appearace of something. e.g. do they have any semblance of guilt?
cop out; chicken out, e.g. he copped out at the last minute.
latent; hidden, untapped, unrealized, concealed
down to the wire; informal expression to denote a situation whose outcome is not decided until the very last minute. e.g. i didnt expect this to come down to the wire.
a flack; publicity, attention
biblical; relating to bible, or rainfall of biblical proportion means huge rain
reprehensible; repugnant, egregious
rebuke; repudiate, reproach, admonish, renounce
gratuitous; uncalled for, unprovoked, undue, unjustified, like gratuitous violence
underwater basket weaving; meaningless subject in school, like i couldnt get into the class i wanted so i ended up in intro to underwater basket weaving
a misnomer; a bad and confusing naming
a faction; a small group, e.g. a faction of conservatives at the white house
untenable; indefensible, inflimsy, unjustifiable, usually used to describe somebodys political statement or position
a contour; a shape, an outline
a leap of faith; believing in something that is not proved,guaranteed. e.g. taking a leap of faith.
glean; extract, derive, garner, collect, deduce
preponderance; prevalence, predominance, dominance, e,g, preponderance of evidence for global warming
stroller; wheelchair but usually foldable like baby cart
crumple; crumpled bill/money, creased and wrinkled bill/money
scarce;sparse, thinly unevenly distributed, insufficient, shortage of
pithy, terse, compact, brief. concise, e.g. good luck is a pithy way to end a conversation
retribution; revenge, retaliation
allegorical; symbolic, metaphorical, figurative, representative. e.g. allegorical painting
a novella; a poem, or a narrative prose, of fictional story
redact; edited for publication. e.g. that word was redacted before publication.
a farce; a travesty, an absurdity
usher in; lead, signal the beginning of, e.g. the advent of the internet ushered in new methods for HCI
trailblaze; pineer. a trailblazer means a pioneer
seminal; important, influential. e.g. a seminal paper on compiler came out in 1980s
a fad; craze, a trend. e.g. machine learning is a fad these days
sleaze; immoral, corrupt, sordid
posterity; for posterity, for future generation
lowdown; 1. unfair 2. the lowdown is inside news, information
a prerogative; an entitlement, a privilege, a right
a perforation; a small hole made by piercing. usually you hear this word in one of the two contexts, somebody got injured accidentally, or some physical paper based document comes with a line of small holes so you can rip it off, like stamps, etc. e.g. an instruction might read as fold, crease and tear along perforation.
banister; handrail, like you see with stairs
a hyperbole; an exaggerated statement, a rhetoric, magnification
an aficionado; an enthusiast
my neck of the woods; my neighborhood
a connoisseur; an expert
petulant; peevish, bad-tempered, grumpy, touchy, disgruntled, sulky, resentful
pout; push ones lip, especially bottom lip, forward or upward to express petulant annnoyance, or to seduce.
ruffle feathers; annoy irritate someone
in absentia; while being absent
defecate; number two toilet business, p o o
pejorative; negative, disparaging, derogatory, denigratory, deprecatory, defamatory, slanderous, libelous, abusive, insulting, slighting, bitchy
weigh in on a situation; offer an opinion on a situation
go out on a limb; venture (to offer a candid opinion or try something)
a clout; a blow, an impact. e.g. interface can have a social political clout in peoples behavior
a trough; pronounced truf, opposite to a peak
mosey on; move walk in a leisurely manner
convalesce; recuperate, recover
recuperate; recover, convalesce
a conjecture; a speculation
transgression; aggression, offense
severance; the act of ending a relationship, dismissal or termination of employment
rendition; 1. interpretation/performance/adaptation, 2. transport a criminal to a less regulated country for interrogation/torture
destitute; penniless, poor
strenuous; demanding, exhausting
a kludge; a hacky work around
a fluster; a fuss
a holy grail; a grail is a cup used by jesus in the last supper. it signifies something special, a sought-after object.
a virtuosity; a great skill
obfuscate; render obscure, muddle, complicate, confuse
a jamboree; a big party/celebration
a travesty; an absurdity
a stent; a supportive structure to keep a tube in shape
a tenet; a principle, a dogma, a doctrine
eminent domain; gov condemns someone, then comandeers his,her real estate
exonerate; discharge, acquit, absolve, liberate, free, release
go out on a limn; boldly state, take a dangerous,volnerable position
get into the weeds; get into the details
blithely; careless, merry in disposition
conducive; good for, helpful for, useful for, e.g. conducive for learning
prance; move, sprint
in tandem; together
bland; dull, boring tedious, insipid, uninteresting
blunt; brutally honest, uncompromisingly candid
a twit; an idiot
nefarious; criminal wicked
for posterity; for the sake of the future
quadrennial; ocurring every four years
abraised; bruised from rubbing/friction
grand jury and trial jury; trial jury (normally consisting of 12 citizens as jurors) decides if a defendant is guilty or innocent. grand jury (usually consisting of more, like 23) decides if the criminal case should goto a trial but the final decision is made by prosecutor. so grand jury is just giving an opinion. the term grand is used because it has a greater number of jurors than trial jury.
moot; debatable, contentious
gospel truth; absolute truth
subsidize; support financially
trounce; defeat heavily in a competition, vanquish gather, collect, extract
thrash; beat repeatedly, oscillate (like waves or bells)
a substrate; an underlying layer, base, building
apex; the point/vertex furthest from the base of an object/shape
a trapezoid; a 4-sided flat shape with straight sides that has a pair of opposite sides parallel. daikei.
confer; discuss, award/give
idempotence; the property of certain operation that can be applied multiple times without impacting the result beyond the initial application. e.g. credit card transaction. if TCP retransmits, you don't want it to place an order twice.
preponderance; abundance, predominance, prevalence
huddle; come close together in a group
subsume; to have as part of a whole. an example that is not subsumed by our current model requires either generalization or specialization of the concept.
talon; a talon = a sharp claw (eagle, hawk, etc)
glean; obtain, gather (info)
time series; a sequence of data points, measured typically at successive points in time spaced at uniform time intervals
canonical; unique, standard, typical
stymie; prevent or hinder the progress of
ad infinitum; without an end/limit
tacit; understood or implied without being stated. we do this tacitly = implicitly.
unwieldy; difficult, disorganized
salient; most noticable or important. e.g. his lecture covered all the salient points of the subject.
a foray; an attack, raid, incursion, assault
sacrosanct; sacred, too important to set aside
salacious; indecent, obscene, crude, vulgar, scandalizing, lecherous, lustful
punt to someone; pass to someone
a respite; a recess
someone is put on notice; someone is given a verbal warning
fanout; max number of inputs to an output gate
hindsight; understanding of a situation or event only after it has happened or developed.
sanction; authorize, punish. e.g. the gov sanctioned the rally. e.g. impose the panalty to sanction crime.
sacriledge; violation of something sacred
a panacea; a solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases.
aqcuiesce to a request; accept a req with reluctance without protest. submit tacitly.
impasse; a deadlock situation where no progress is possible.
a penitentiary; a prison for ppl convicted of heinous crimes
judicious; prudent, wise, sensible
tenuous; thin, flimsy
acclimate to; adjust to
ironclad; invincible, unwavering
a cinch; an easy thing, a sure thing.
clemency; leniency, compassion
sobriety; being sober. opposite of inebriety.
slander; defame, detract, smear, disdain
presumptuous; over confident, arrogant, bold, immodest
a moocher; someone who takes things but doesnt reciprocate
tough as nails; very tough
testament; proof, will
noob; newbie, beginner
snazzy; cool, awesome
slushy; partly melted or watery snow
animosity, tension, friction, hostility
ostentatious; showing-off extravagance. noun. ostentationc
canine; of dog species. e.g. canine tooth
inundate; flood. e.g. we are inundated with complaints/requests.
opportunist;selfish, he who takes advantage of any opportunity to achieve an end, often with no regard for principles or consequences.
lurch; sway abruptly. e.g. left in the lurch = in a vulnerable and unsupported position
willy nilly; regardless of whether desired or not, in a way that does not allow any choices or planning, without consideration
veracity; truthfulness. e.g. the veracity of his statement.
perennial; everlasting, perpetual, constant
an interloper; a person who interferes or meddles in the affairs of others, pretentious
frazzle; exhaust. e.g. im frazzled.
indignant; irritated, agitated
unscrupulous; dishonest, exploitable
inertia;lack of movement or activity especially when movement or activity is wanted or needed. e.g. After 10 years in an unsatisfying job she overcame her inertia and went back to school.
unequivocal;unambiguous, incontrovertible, indisputable, undeniable
lethargic; inactive, weak, feeble, unenergetic
tradecraft; the techniques and procedures of clandestine/covert operations such as espionage/spying
cajole; tempt with sweet words. e.g. cajole someone into consenting.
pacifist; opposed to war
my two cents; my humble opinion. e.g. to put my two cents worth, blah blah
heedless; thoughtless, careless, impetuous
ineffable; too good/bad to be espressed in words. e.g. ineffable disgust/joy.
rift; separation, divide
sacrosanct; sacred, holy
a slight; an insult
collate; examine, compare carefully in order to verify, and often to integrate or arrange in order. we will collate the data.
desire attained is not in fact desire; a pedantic expression
worse comes to worst; if the worst thing that can happen does happen
decorum; appropriate manner/conduct. dignity. act in proper decorum. he has no sense of decorum.
conniving; cunning, shrewdly consipiring, scheming, calculating, plotting
afoot; in progress, ongoing. e.g. a plot is afoot.
injunction; legal declaration to prevent something.
coagulate; to gather together or form into a coherent thick more-solid mass. eggs coagulate when heated.
countenance; 1. the appearance of a person's face, a person's expression, demeanor 2. tolerate
deject; demoralise, depress, disappoint. his dejected countenance.
inept; incompetent, useless. an inept remark. noun - ineptitude
an ulterior motive; a hidden motive.
transvestite; gender-reversed. someone who dresses in the opposite gender attire.
a mirage; an optical illusion of water on the horizon. that proposed solution turned out to be a mirage.
pyrrhic victory; a pyrrhic victory is a victory with such a devastating cost that it is tantamount to defeat. Someone who wins a Pyrrhic victory has been victorious in some way; however, the heavy toll negates any sense of achievement or profit.
pay the piper; face the consequence. pied piper = someone who makes irresponsible promises.
push the envelope; challenge the tradition.
expedite something; prioritize something
refurbish something; refine/re-polish something
peripheral; surrounding. non-core things. e.g. peripheral vision.
carpal tunnel syndrome; repetitive strain injury. tennis elbow.
spurn something; reject something disdainfully. e.g. the elderly couple spurned all offers of financial help.
crux; an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome. e.g. the crux of the problem is that the school's current budget is totally inadequate.
accrue; accumulate, increase. e.g. I'll get back all the money I invested, plus any interest and dividends that have accrued.
malarkey; baloney, foolish non-sensical talk/belief.
a prevaricator; a liar, exaggerator, pretender, fraud.
equivocate; speak intentionally elusive and unclear.
ruse; ploy, plot, hoax, sham
red herring; something unimportant that is used to stop people from noticing or thinking about something important. herring=smoke fish which is often used as a bait in hunting.
purloin; steal, to commit theft.
pious; (1) deeply religious, devoted (2) falsely appearing to be good or moral, hypocritical, pretentious
a charlatan; a con man. aka swindler or mountebank. a person practicing quackery or some similar confidence trick in order to obtain money, fame or other advantages via some form of pretense or deception.
err on the side of something; something = caution, safety, display more rather than less of (a specified quality) in one's actions.
- 2013-11-21 20:53:17 |
- Category : misc
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